Wednesday, February 21, 2024
Wednesday, February 21, 2024
HomeLifestylePregnancy complications can also lead to poorer cardiovascular health in the child,...

Pregnancy complications can also lead to poorer cardiovascular health in the child, study suggests

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and gestational diabetes (GDM) are two of the most common complications of pregnancy and expose pregnant women to an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases in the future.

Now, in a new study to be presented today at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM) annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, researchers will reveal findings that suggest these pregnancy complications may also result in poorer cardiovascular health. of the child.

In a secondary analysis of 3,317 maternal and child pairs from the Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes Prospective Follow-up Study (HAPO FUS), researchers examined whether there was a connection between hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and gestational diabetes and the child’s cardiovascular health.

On the maternal side, 8 percent developed high blood pressure during pregnancy, 12 percent developed gestational diabetes, and 3 percent developed high blood pressure and diabetes.

The researchers then examined the child’s cardiovascular health 10 to 14 years after birth. Cardiovascular health was assessed based on four metrics: body mass index, blood pressure, total cholesterol, and glucose level. Pediatric guidelines classified each metric as ideal, intermediate, or poor. The researchers found that before age 12 (mean age: 11.6), more than half of the children (55.5%) had at least one metric that was not ideal, putting them at higher risk for heart disease and stroke.

These findings are important because traditionally, thinking has been that a person’s risk of developing cardiovascular disease begins after birth -; Let everyone start at the same point. “These data suggest that that is not the case and that what happens in the womb can affect the child throughout her life.”

Kartik K. Venkatesh, MD, PhD, senior author of the study, subspecialist in maternal-fetal medicine and assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology and assistant professor of epidemiology, and director of the Diabetes in Pregnancy Program, State University Wexner Medical Center of Ohio, Columbus.

The summary was published in the January 2024 supplement of the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

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