Saturday, March 2, 2024
Saturday, March 2, 2024
HomeScienceJumbo Jet-sized asteroid 2024 CB1 will pass by Earth at 17.53 kilometers...

Jumbo Jet-sized asteroid 2024 CB1 will pass by Earth at 17.53 kilometers per second

Illustration of an asteroid. (Image credit: Bing Image Creator).

An asteroid named 2024 CB1 will approach within 14,57,210 kilometers of Earth, or less than four times the distance between the Earth and the Moon, on February 16, 2024. The asteroid measures between 40 and 90 meters in diameter . and will travel at 17.53 kilometers per second. 2024 CB1 is the only close encounter scheduled for that day. Most of the asteroids in the Solar System occupy the Main Belt between Mars and Jupiter. However, there are many populations of asteroids at different distances from the Sun. 2024 CB1 belongs to a population of asteroids known as Apollos, which orbit the Sun between Earth and Mars, and frequently visit both planets.

What are asteroids called?

The Sun formed about 4.5 billion years ago from an extra dense mass of matter within a vast cloud of gas and dust. The material left over from the formation of the Sun gave rise to a circumstellar disk, which became the place where all the planets in the Solar System met. It was during this time that comets and asteroids were formed, along with exotic objects that have the composition of comets but the size and shape of asteroids, known as centaurs. Asteroids are rocks that orbit the Sun and are time capsules that preserve the conditions during the infancy of the Solar System. This is why scientists are so interested in researching asteroids and organizing expensive sample return missions, as they can tell us a lot about our past.

Is an asteroid a meteor?

Asteroids are distinguished from comets and centaurs by their composition. They are made primarily of rock or metal, while comets and centaurs are made primarily of ice. When an asteroid or comet enters the atmosphere and burns up due to extreme friction, it is known as a meteor. A meteor that disintegrates in the sky is known as a bolide. An asteroid is considered to have hit the planet when it enters the atmosphere, even if no fragment survives and reaches the ground. Asteroids can become meteorites, but not all asteroids are meteorites nor are all meteors asteroids.

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